This database attempts to record all births,  baptisms,  marriages, defacto  relationships,  
deaths & burials for  the  first  twelve years  of  settlement in the colony of New South 
Wales,  that  is from 1788 to 1800 under the two headings of List Header & List Details.
Principle Sources of Information
The four major sources of information on the genealogical details presented in this work 
were derived from:
     1. St Phillips Sydney Registers
     2. St Johns Parramatta Registers
     3. Norfolk Island and its First Settlement - Reginald Wright
     4. The Pioneer Register - Dr C J Smee
1. St Phillips Sydney Registers
In  collecting  early parish records, it was  fortunate  to  have access to the hand written 
transcription of the Parish  Registers of  St  Phillips,  undertaken  by the late  Joan  Provis.  
It  is understood that she may have had access to the actual register in the  late  1960's 
before it was microfilmed  and  withdrawn  from public  access.  In any case her records 
were then  compared  and cross referenced with the microfilm held by the National  Library 
in Canberra.
The  Reverend  Richard Johnson was the  colony's  first  chaplain arriving  with  the First 
Fleet and it was he who  commenced  the registers. 
The Reverend Richard Johnson commenced recording entries in  what would  become St Phillip's 
church baptismal register even  before the First Fleet left England. On the 20th April 1797 
he  baptized two  infants, William Tilley and Edward Devan on board the  'Lady Penrhyn'  whilst 
the ship still lay at harbour in Portsmouth.  He performed  twelve other baptisms on the 
voyage out, two  in  June when  the  fleet  reached Tenereife, five in  August  at  Rio  de 
Janeiro  and  another five in October at the Cape of  Good  Hope. Then  on the 21st January 
1788 he performed the first baptism  in Australian waters whilst the fleet lay in Botany 
Bay upon  Joshua Bentley. The first three baptisms on actual Australian soil  took place  
on  the 3rd February 1788 when he baptized  James  Thomas, John  Arscott and Joseph Downey. 
Elizabeth Bacon is actually  the sixteenth entry in the register after Joshua Bentley but 
her date of  baptism  is the 10th February - a date after the  next  three entries  - if 
the date is incorrect she may have been  the  first child baptized in the colony, although 
the entry does state  that the baptism took place on board 'HMS Sirius'.
Similarly  the Rev Johnson commenced his burial  register  before the fleet left England 
and continued to record burials during the voyage to Australia. He recorded 33 burials on 
board 'Alexander', 6 aboard 'Charlotte' and 6 aboard 'Lady Penrhyn'. 
The  Rev Johnson and his family returned to England  aboard  'HMS Buffalo' in October 1800, 
his last burial being performed on  2nd October  on convict infant Joseph Stubbs, thereafter 
Rev  Marsden took over his duties.
2. St Johns Parramatta Registers
As was the case with St Phillips, access was had to the late Joan Provis's hand written 
transcription of St Johns parish  registers and  again a comparison was made with the microfilm 
held  by  the National Library in Canberra.
The  Reverend  Johnson commenced the colony's  second  parish  at Parramatta in 1789 along 
with its accompanying birth, burial  and marriage  registers.  Upon  the arrival of  the  
Reverend  Samuel Marsden  in  the colony in 1794, St John's would appear  to  have been handed 
to his responsibility leaving the Reverend Johnson to handle St Phillips.
The Reverend Johnson obviously on occasions wrote up his  entries some  time after the actual 
baptism ceremony. This has lead to  a couple of 'errors'; Elizabeth Bruce and John Colethread 
were both entered  in  both the St Phillips and St  Johns  registers;  John Hodges,  George  
Turner  and  John  Kelly  were  entered  out  of chronological order. 
3. Norfolk Island and its First Settlement - Reginald Wright 
For  his book Mr Wright has searched the victualling  lists  from the  commissariat records 
of Norfolk Island from 1788 until  1814 to produce his list of inhabitans of the island.
The completeness of these Norfolk Island records, and the list in this  book,  is dependent 
of course on the  thoroughness  of  the research  of  Mr Wright. The victualling records  
have  not  been independently verified.
4. The Pioneer Register - Dr C J Smee
The Pioneer Register project is a collection of family trees  for persons  arriving in the 
colony between in years 1788  and  1820. 
The Register aims to collect 33 separate pieces of information on each pioneer:-
             1. Christian Name(s)
             2. Surname
             3. Exact Date of Birth
             4. Place of Birth
             5. Christian Name(s) of Father
             6. Christian Name(s) of Mother
             7. Maiden Name of Mother
             8. Exact Date of Arrival
             9. Ship of Arrival
            10. Status upon Arrival
            11. Exact Date of Death
            12. Place of Death
            13. Church/Place of Burial
            14. Exact Date of Marriage
            15. Church/Place of Marriage
            16. Christian Name(s) of Spouse
            17. Surname of Spouse
            18. Status of Spouse 
            19. Total Number of Children
            20. Christian Name(s) of Each Child
            21. Exact Date of Birth of Each Child
            22. Place of Birth of Each Child
            23. Exact Date of Death of Each Child
            24. Place of Death of Each Child
            25. Exact Date of Marriage of Each Child
            26. Church/Place of Marriage of Each Child
            27. Christian Name(s) of Spouse of Each Child
            28. Surname of Spouse of Each Child
            29. Status of Spouse of Each Child
            30. Total Number of Children of Each Child
            31. Christian Name(s) of Each Grandchild
            32. Exact Date of Birth of Each Grandchild
            33. Place of Birth of Each Grandchild
The  second edition volumes are divided into four  sections;  the main  body  of the work 
containing the family trees,  the  spouse supplement, the son & daughter-in-law index and 
the chronology.
The  number  of families published in the Register  thus  far  is 4,000.  When one adds the 
spouses to these 4,000  Pioneers,  plus their  14,000 children and over 47,000 grandchildren, 
plus  5,000 sons  & daughters-in-law, one arrives at a total of  over  73,000  names, making  
the Pioneer Register project one  of  the  largest genealogical works ever published in this 
The  research  on The Pioneer Register project  has  resulted  in numerous individuals being 
identified whose births did not appear in any of the other sources. By approaching the problem 
from  the other  end  as  it  were, descendants have  been  able  to  trace themselves  back 
to individuals who obviously must  have  existed but were not otherwise identified anywhere 
The Paracencus of New South Wales - James Donohoe
This section on the sources of information could not be concluded without  mentioning Mr 
Donohoe's major opus, documenting  births, deaths  &  marriages in the colony from 1788 to 
1828,  which  has been  of immense assistance in solving many of those  tantalizing mysteries  
which  one  constantly encounters  in  early  colonial genealogical research.
With regard to the Births the aim was to identify the parents  of each child by researching 
when they arrived in the colony and  in what  capacity.  There  were  1,800  births  recorded  
and  1,038 baptisms. The identities of 86% of the parents were found.
With  regard to the Marriages the aim was to identify each  bride and  groom by researching 
when they arrived in the colony and  in what capacity as well as determining their age at 
marriage. There were 539 marriages recorded. The identities of 93% of the  grooms were found 
and 91% of the brides.
Since  around  half of the births were  illegitimate,  it  seemed important  to  include  
the  De  Facto  Relationships  as   well. Obviously  only those relationships which produced  
children  are included.  There were 511 relationships recorded. The  identities of 89% of 
the 'grooms' were found and 87% of the 'brides'.
With  regard  to the Deaths the aim was to identify each  of  the deceased  by researching 
when they arrived in the colony  and  in what  capacity as well as determining their age 
at death. In  the case  of the colonial born the aim was to identify the  names  of their  
parents.  There  were  1,820  deaths  recorded  and  1,501 burials. The identities of 84% 
of the deceased were found.
A  particular  type  of death,  namely  Judicial  Execution,  was thought to be of particular 
interest to the modern reader and all 49  known  hangings have been collected in the  Appendices  
along with their crimes if known.
For  completeness Childhood Arrivals have been included  for  the 260 children who were not 
born in the colony but arrived as young children.  After all, those who arrived very young 
would have  an early  life  experience  not  very  dissimilar  from  the  actual colonial  
born  and were often their siblings.  For  no  specific reason the age of ten has been selected 
as the cut off point  for inclusion in this category.
Local Historical Developments
The  last  decade  of  the  eighteenth  century  saw  the   first faltering steps towards 
the establishment of what would become  a veritable jewel in the crown of the British Empire, 
the colony of New South Wales.
This  'decade'  corresponds  with the  governorships  of  Captain Arthur  Phillip RN and 
Captain John Hunter RN. A  Londoner, Capt. Phillip was aged 50 years old when he sailed into 
Botany Bay  and then Sydney Cove aboard 'HMS Sirius' in January 1788 to establish the  new  
British penal colony of New South Wales and  to  become it's  first governor. Phillip arrived 
unaccompanied by  his  wife Margaret as they had been separated for many years. He  requested 
leave on the grounds of ill heath and departed the colony  almost five  years later on the 
11th December 1792 aboard  'Atlantic'  a sick  man although he lived another twelve years 
before dying  in 1814 an Admiral. Scotsman Capt. Hunter was aged 57 years old  and a  batchelor  
when he arrived aboard 'HMS Reliance'  on  the  7th September  1794  to become the colony's 
second governor.  He  was recalled by the Colonial Office and departed the colony over  six 
years  later  on the 21st October 1800 aboard 'HMS  Buffalo'  and died in 1821 an Admiral.
The First Fleet Marines were replaced by the specifically  raised New  South  Wales  Corps  
as the guardians  of  the  defence  and security of the young colony.
Most importantly from a genealogical point of view, the  Reverend Richard Johnson was joined 
in 1794 by the Reverend Samuel Marsden to  assist  with  the spiritual guidance of the  colony  
and  the recording of births, deaths and marriages at the colony's  second parish.
International Historical Developments
King  George III continued upon the throne of England, albeit  in an occasional state of 
porphyria induced lunacy. William Pitt the Younger  continued in the British prime 
ministership. The  office of Secretary of State for Home Affairs, responsible for  managing 
the  colony, changed from Lord Sydney to Lord Grenville to  Henry Dundas  to the Duke of 
Portland, names which would  be  liberally sprinkled around its shores.
On the wider international scene, the major event was undoubtedly the  French Revolution 
of 1789 and the publication of "Les  doits de l'homme et du citoyen", followed by the Terror 
of 1792 to 1794 and  the rise to power of Napoleon in 1799 with the  creation  of the  first 
French Empire. Thus the Revolutionary  and  Napoleonic Wars  commenced  which  were to engulf 
Europe for  the  next  two decades. The Royal Navy continued to distinguish itself with many 
glorious  victories such as The Glorious First of June 1794  when Admiral  Lord Howe defeated 
a French Fleet and in  February  1797 Admiral Sir John Jervis defeated a Spanish Fleet off 
St  Vincent. No doubt many in the colony basked in these latest British glories.
The abbreviations used in this database are explained below:
                    d    = defacto
                    m    = married
                    CF   = came free
                    GS   = government servant (convict)
                    FS   = free by servitude (emancipist)
                    AP   = free by absolute pardon
                    CP   = free by conditional pardon
                    EX   = exile
                    NE   = never emigrated
                    --   = unknown
                    Eng  = England
                    Ire  = Ireland
                    Sct  = Scotland
                    Wal  = Wales
                    Can  = Canterbury
                    Dst  = Dorsetshire
                    Dvn  = Devonshire
                    Hmp  = Hampshire
                    Hrd = Herefordshire
                    Knt = Kent
                    Ldn  = London                    
                    Mdx  = Middlesex
                    Som = Somerset
                    War  = Warwickshire 
                    Yrk  = Yorkshire
                    NI   = Norfolk Island
                    SDH  = St Davids Hobart
                    SJL  = St Johns Launceston
                    SJP  = St Johns Parramatta
                    SMS  = St Marys Sydney
                    SMW  = St Matthews Windsor
                    SPR  = St Peters Richmond 
                    SPS  = St Phillips Sydney
                    C28  = 1828 Census
                    M02  = 1802 Muster
                    M-C  = Musters & Census
                    PR   = Pioneer Register
                    *    = duplicate entry

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